Hindus of Indonesia

Topic started by Indian (@ newgw4.me.iastate.edu) on Mon Oct 14 21:06:16 .
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Approximately 2 % of Indonesian population is Hindu, ie, around 3.4 million. The majority of them reside in Bali which is also a world famous tourist resort. The other places where the Hindus are prominent are THE PROVINCE OF RIAU, THE PROVINCE OF LAMPUNG, THE SPECIAL TERRITORY OF JAKARTA, THE PROVINCE OF EAST JAVA, THE PROVINCE OF CENTRAL KALIMANTAN (11%), THE PROVINCE OF NORTH SULAWESI, THE PROVINCE OF SOUTHEAST SULAWESI, THE PROVINCE OF SOUTH SULAWESI and THE PROVINCE OF WEST NUSA TENGGARA.

These are the 26 provinces of Indonesia and some facts. The 27'th East Timor got independence recently.


1. THE SPECIAL TERRITORY OF ACEH
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 55,392 sq km.
Capital : Banda Aceh.
Borders : Malacca Strait on the north, Indian Ocean on the west, Indian Ocean and the Province of North Sumatra on the south, Province of North Sumatra and Malacca Strait on the east.
Physical Features : The Bukit Barisan mountain range rises free the northern part of Aceh along the entire length of Sumatra.
Rivers : 73 rivers among which are the Krueng Aceh, Krueng Baro, Krueng Peusangan, Krueng Jambo Aye.
Mountains : 39 mountains, among others Leuser, Ucap Malu, Abong-abong, and Peut Sago.
Lakes : Laut Tawar and Aneuk Laot.
Humidity : 87%. Rainfall : in the western and southern coastal plains averagely 2,000 - 3,000 mm per year, in the northern and eastern coastal plains 1,000-2,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Meranti Wood (Dipterocarpaceae).
Fauna : 512 species of mammals, 313 species of birds, 76 reptiles and 18 species of amphibious animals, among others are the rhinoceros, bear, elephant, Orangutan, tiger, gibbon, and cempola kuning (Copsychus pirropygus).

POPULATION : 3,416,000 (as of 1990).
Density : 62 persons per sq km. (1990).
Average Growth : 2.72% (1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (98.11%),
Protestants (1.32%),
Roman Catholics (0.16%),
Hindus (0.02%) and
Buddhists (0.37%).
2. THE PROVINCE OF NORTH SUMATRA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 70,787 sq km.
Capital : Medan.
Borders : The Special Territory of Aceh on the north, Province of West Sumatra and the Province of Riau on the south, Indian Ocean on the west, and Malacca Strait on the east.
Physical Features : Composed of coastal areas, lowlands, plateaus, and mountains.
Rivers : There are 120 rivers, some of them are : Wampu, Besitang, Lepan, Belawan, Padang, Ular, Silau, Asahan, Barumun, Bilah, Kualuh, Batang Gadis, Batang Toru, Bah Bolon, Martebing, Deli, etc.
Mountains : Sibayak, Siabu-abu, Siharpe-harpe, Sibuaton, Sorik Merapi, Sinabung, Sibual-buali, etc.
Lakes : Toba, Laut Tawal, and Marsabut.
Humidity : 86%. Rainfall : 1,100 - 3,400 per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Pinus, rubber, coffee, cacao, Palm-oil, tea, clove, tobacco, sugar cone, rattan, and meranti.
Fauna : Orangutan, tiger, elephant, snake, bear, and crocodile.

POPULATION : 10,256,000 (1990). Density : 145 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 2.06%. (1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (63.22%),
Protestants (27.96%),
Roman Catholics (4.60%),
Hindus (0.41%) and
Buddhists (3.68%).
3. THE PROVINCE OF WEST SUMATRA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 49,778 sq km.
Capital : Padang.
Borders : Province of Riau on the north, Indian Ocean on the south, Province of North Sumatra on the west, Provinces of Jambi and Bengkulu on the east.
Physical Features : Mountain peaks rise from the Bukit Barisan mountain range that runs from north to south.
Rivers : Batang Kuranji, Batang Anai, Batang Ombilin, Batang Suliki, and Batang Arau.
Mountains : Singgalang, Merapi, Sago, Talang, Padang, and Gedang.
Lakes : Maninjau, Singkarak, Diatas, and Dibawah.
Humidity : 83%. Rainfall : 2,289 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Banio and Meranti woods, various kinds of flowers including the giant flower Raflesia Arnoldi.
Fauna : Cow, horse, buffalo, goat, tiger, deer, pig, elephant, the chip a type of tapir and all kinds of birds including parrot and sparrow.

POPULATION : 4,000,000 (1990). Density : 80 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.62% (1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (98.19%),
Protestants (0.83%),
Roman Catholics (0.77%),
Hindus (0.01%) and
Buddhists (0.14%).
4. THE PROVINCE OF RIAU
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 94,561 sq km.
Capital : Pakanbaru.
Borders : Singapore and Malacca Strait on the north, Province of Jambi and the Strait of Berhala on the south, West Sumatra and North Sumatra Provinces on the west, and South China Sea on the east.
Physical Features : Stretching from the Malay Peninsula. Riau consists of lowland with an abundance of bauxite deposits.
Rivers : Siak, Indragiri, Kampar, Rokam, etc.
Humidity : 86%. Rainfall : 1,500-3,000 mm averagely during the whole year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Dipterocarpoceae (meranti), 'giram', 'mearwan', 'punak', 'kempos', etc.
Fauna : Elephant, mouse deer, tiger, deer, etc.

POPULATION : 3,304,000 (1990). Density : 35 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 4.30% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (87.3%),
Protestants (2.3%),
Roman Catholics (0.5%),
Hindus (1.31 %),
Buddhists (7.3%).
5. THE PROVINCE OF JAMBI
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 44.800 sq km.
Capital : Jambi.
Borders : Province of Riau on the north, Province of South Sumatra on the south, Province of West Sumatra on the west, and Berhala Strait on the east.
Rivers : Batang Hari, Batang Merangin, Batang Tebo, Batang Tabir, Batang Tembesi, Batang Bungo, Berbak, Pengabuan, Air Hitam, Mendahara, Dendang, and Batang Asai.
Mountains : Kerinci, Roya, Sumbing, Masurai Tujuh, and Alas.
Humidity : 88%. Rainfall : Varying between 1,940 - 2,941 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Orchids, forest durin, agathis spp, banio wood (Dipterocarpaceae), kolim wood, meranti wood, and cinamon.
Fauna : Elephant, rhinoceros, deer, wild-rabbit, slamong, tiger, ungko, wild-goat, and tapir.

POPULATION : 2,021,000 (1990). Density : 45 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 3.40% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (95.97%),
Protestants (1.52%),
Roman Catholics (1.71%),
Hindus (0.04%),
Buddhists (0.34%) and
other (0.43%).
6. THE PROVINCE OF SOUTH SUMATRA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 103,688 sq km.
Capital : Palembang.
Borders : South China Sea on the north, Province of Jambi and the Province of Bengkulu on the west, Province of Lampung on the south, and Java Sea on the east.
Rivers : Musi, Ogan Komering, Lematang, Batanghari, Leko, Lalang, and Rawas.
Mountains : Dempo, Bepagut, Ulupalik, and Seblat.
Humidity : 83%. Rainfall : Variation between 2,000-3,000 mm per year and an average wind velocity of 3.23 km per hour.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Unglen, Merawan, Petanang, Tembesu, Genayang, Nibung, Rafflesia, Paku Tiang, Terentang, Rattan, Sidur, Orchid, etc.
Fauna : Elephant, rhinoceros, tiger, 'siamang' and 'lutung' monkeys, Malay tapir, bear, crocodile, simapi, small deer, deer, wild goat, and sea cow.

POPULATION : 6,313,000 (1990). Density : 61 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 3.15% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (96.7%),
Protestants (1%),
Roman Catholics (0.9%),
Hindus (0.2%),
Buddhists (1.2%).
7. THE PROVINCE OF BENGKULU
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 19,788 sq km.
Capital : Bengkulu.
Borders : The Province of South Sumatra and the Province of Jambi on the east, Indian Ocean on the west, Province of Lampung and Indian Ocean on the south, and The Province of West Sumatra on the north.
Rivers : Air Ketahun, Air Uram, Air Jenggalu, Serongai and Bintuhan.
Mountains : Kaba, Seblat, and Ulupalit.
Lakes : Dendam Tak Sudah and Tes.
Humidity : 84%. Rainfall : 3,589 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Cassava, rattan, meranti (Dipterocarpaceae). Two wellknown flowers are the "Rafflesia Arnoldi" giant flower and the "Vando Hogeriona".
Fauna : Deer, wildboars, civet cats, tiger, elephant, and various species of snakes.

POPULATION : 1,179,000 (1990). Density : 56 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 4.38 % (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :


Moslems (97.48%),
Protestants (1.27%),
Roman Catholics (0.78%),
Hindus (0.27%) and
Buddhists (0.19%).
8. THE PROVINCE OF LAMPUNG
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 33,307 sq km.
Capital : Bandar Lampung.
Borders : Province of South Sumatra on the north, Sunda Strait on the south, Province of Bengkulu on the west, and Java Sea on the east.
Rivers : Tulang Bawang, Seputih, Sekampung, Semangka, Way Jepara, and Way Masuji.
Mountains : Tangganus, Tebak, Rajabasa, Seminung, Pesagi, and Ratai.
Humidity : 88%. Rainfall : Between 2,000 mm and 4,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Meranti (Dipterocarpoceae) and epyphit.
Fauna : Elephant, rhinoceros, tiger, phyton snake, monkey, wildboar, deer, and civet cat.

POPULATION : 6,018,000 (1990). Density : 181 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 2.67% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (94.4%),
Protestants (1.6%),
Roman Catholics (1.0%),
Hindus (2.37%) and
Buddhists (0.6%).

9. THE SPECIAL TERRITORY OF JAKARTA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 661 sq km (including the Pulau Seribu group of islands).
Capital : Jakarta.
Borders : Java Sea on the north, District of Bogor on the south, District of Tangerang on the west, and District of Bekasi on the east, all three districts belonging to the Province of West Java.
Situated between 10649'35" east longitude and 0610'37" south latitude.
Rivers : Ciliwung, Malang, Angke, Cideng, Sunter, Kamal, Sodong, Krukut, Sentiong, Buaran, and Pasanggrahan.
Humidity : 77%. Rainfall : 2,000 mm an average during the whole year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : The sawo kecik fruit, jack fruit, and the cempedak lack fruit.
Fauna : Cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs, chickens, and ducks.

POPULATION : 8,259,000 (1990). Density : 12.495 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 2.42% (1980-1990)

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (85.50%),
Protestants (5.20%),
Roman Catholics (4.77%),
Hindus (0.97%) and
Buddhists (3.56%).
10. THE PROVINCE OF WEST JAVA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 46,229 sq km.
Capital : Bandung.
Borders : Java Sea and the Special Territory of Jakarta on the north, Indian Ocean on the south, Sunda Strait on the west, and Province of Central Java on the east.
Rivers : Ciujung, Cidurian, Cipanten, Cipasuruan, Cibungur, Cibaliung, Ciliwung, Cisadane, Cipurian, Cimanuk, Citanduy, Cimadur, Cisangkuy, Citarus, etc.
Mountains : Tangkuban Perahu, Gede, Ceremai, Pangrango, Galunggung, Krakatau, Salak, Tampomas, Papandayan, Guntur, etc.
Lakes : Situ Bagendit, Situ Gede, Situ Panjalu, Situ Pangalengan, and several artificial lakes such as the huge dams of 'Jatiluhur', 'Saguling', 'Cirata', and the 'Dharma' water reservoir.
Humidity : 75%-89%. Rainfall : Averagely, more than 2,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Areca, betel, pandanus, herbs, and the red archanger.
Fauna : Rhinoceros, panther, tiger, wild buffalo, deer, bird species, various species of monkeys, snakes, wild boar, and husbandry animal.
POPULATION : 35,384,000 (1990) Density : 765 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 2.57% (1980-1990)

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (98.03%),
Protestants (0.92%),
Roman Catholics (0.47%),
Hindus (0.10%) and
Buddhists (0,40%).
11. THE PROVINCE OF CENTRAL JAVA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 34,206 sq km.
Capital : Semarang.
Borders : Java Sea on the north, Indian Ocean and the Special Territory of Yogyakarta on the south, Province of West Java on the west, Province of East Java on the east.
Rivers : Pamali, Comal, Tuntang, Serang, Bengawan Solo, Progo, Serayu, Bogowonto, Opak, and Bodri.
Mountains : Merapi, Slamet, Merbabu, Muria, and Lawu. Aproximately 10% of Central Java is made up of lime rocky mountains.
Humidity : 81%. Rainfall : 1,556 - 3,679 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA:
Flora : Teak, pine, agathus, sonokeling, mahogany, and 'sawo kecik'.
Fauna : Wild boar, peacock, deer, wild hen, monkey, tiger, and various snake species.

POPULATION : 28,521,000 (1990). Density : 834 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.18% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (96.76%),
Protestants (1.54%),
Roman Catholics (1.09%),
Hindus (0.20%) and
Buddhists (0.41%).
12. THE SPECIAL TERRITORY OF YOGYAKARTA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 3,169 sq km.
Capital : Yogyakarta.
Borders : Province of Central Java on the north, west, and east, and Indian Ocean on the south.
Rivers : The Opok, Progo, and Oya are the largest rivers in this area.
Mountains : Merapi, Panggung, Semilir, Butak, Sudimoro.
Humidity : 87%. Rainfall : 1,000 to 3,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA:
Flora : Fern, kemuning (Murraya paniculata), kaliandra (Calliandra hoematocephala), gebang (Corypha utan), quinine, eucalyptus, teak, herbs, fennel, coffee and the castor oil plant.
Fauna : Various bird species, wild cat, porcupines, otters, civet cat, mouse, deer, panther, and wild boars.

POPULATION : 2,913,000 (1990). Density : 919 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 0.57% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (91.2%),
Protestants (3.5%),
Roman Catholics (5.0%),
Hindus (0.3%) and
Buddhists (0.1%).
13. THE PROVINCE OF EAST JAVA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 47,921 sq km.
Capital : Surabaya.
Borders : Java Sea on the North, Indian Ocean on the South, Province of Central Java on the west, and Bali Strait on the east.
Rivers : There are 30 rivers. The five largest are among others : Brantas, Bengawan Solo, Bedadung, Madiun, and Baru.
Mountains : Welirang, Semeru, Argopuro, Bromo, Anjasmoro, Kelud, Merapi, and Lamongan.
Lakes : Sarangan and Karang Kates.
Humidity : 81 %. Rainfall : Relatively low, on an average of 2,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Teak, 'kesambi', pilang pinus, eucalyptus, mahogany, bulbophyllum orchid, canarium vulgare (kenari), 'keben', candlenut, quinine, sandalwood , '1eban', kenanga (Canaga odorata), 'rasamala', 'sonokeling'.
Fauna : Java tiger, Bawean tiger, wild pig, wild cat, kancil (Tragulus pygmaeus), wild buffalo, wild boar, wild fowl, grey monkeys, snake, and frogs.

POPULATION : 32,504,000 (1990) Density : 678 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.08% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (96.86%),
Protestants (1.42%),
Roman Catholics (0.91%),
Hindus (0.56%) and
Buddhists (0.22%).

14. THE PROVINCE OF WEST KALIMANTAN
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 146,760 sq km.
Capital : Pontianak.
Borders: East Malaysia/Serawak and Natuna Sea on the north, Java Sea on the south, China Sea and Karimata Strait on the west, and the Provinces of Central and East Kalimantan on the east.
Rivers : Kapuas, Landak, Sambas, Melawai, and Pawan.
Mountains : Niut, Lawit, and Saran.
Lakes : Luar, Belida, and Sentarum.
Humidity : 88%. Rainfall : 3,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Orchid, palma, meranti (Dipterocorpoceae), etc.
Fauna : Orangutan, bear, deer, porcupine, snakes, monkey, etc.

POPULATION : 3,229,000 (1990). Density : 22 persons per sq km. Average Growth : 2.65% (1980- 1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (56.34%),
Protestants (11.07%),
Roman Catholics (19.11%),
Hindus (0.47%) and
Buddhists (5.46%).
15. THE PROVINCE OF CENTRAL KALIMANTAN
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 152,600 sq km.
Capital : Palangkaraya.
Borders : West and East Kalimantan Provinces on the north, Java Sea on the south, Province of West Kalimantan on the west, South and East Kalimantan Provinces on the east.
Rivers : Barito, Katingan, Kahayan, Kapuas, Mentaya, Seruyan, Lamandou, Arut, Jelai and Sebangau.
Mountains : Kengkabang, Samiajang, Liang Pahang, and Ulu Gedong.
Humidity : 85%. Rainfall : Between 2,000-3,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Rattan, meranti (Dipterocarpoceae), agothis, ramin, and keruing.
Fauna : Bekantan monkey, orangutan, deer, wild boar, birds, and snake species.

POPULATION : 1,396,000 (1990). Density : 9 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 3.88% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (69.91%),
Protestants (15.91%),
Roman Catholics (2.48%),
Hindus (10.66%) and
Buddhists (0.12%).
16. THE PROVINCE OF SOUTH KALIMANTAN
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 37,660 sq km.
Capital : Banjarmasin.
Borders : The Provinces of Central and East Kalimantan on the north, Java Sea on the south, Province of Central Kalimantan on the west, and Makassar Strait on the east.
Rivers : Barito, Martapura, Negara, Tobalong, Balangan, Kapuas, and Tapin.
Mountains : Meratus, Belawayan, Batu Hapu, Besar, Lumut, Bibitan Bainah, Halau-halau, and Lasung.
Humidity : 86%. Rainfall : 2,000 mm - 2,700 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Rattan, ironwood, jelutung (Dyra species), teratang (Compissperma), seru (schima species), and kasturi.
Fauna : Wild buffalo, deer, small deer (Eusderoxylon species), puyuh (Phasianidae), mouse deer, panther, monkeys, poultry such as 'belibis' (small wild ducks), and cows.

POPULATION : 2,598,000 (1990). Density : 69 persons per so km (1990). Average Growth : 2.32% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (96.75%),
Protestants (0.90%),
Roman Catholics (0.47%),
Hindus (0.48%) and
Buddhists (0.25%).
17. THE PROVINCE OF EAST KALIMANTAN
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 202,440 sq km.
Capital : Samarinda.
Borders : East Malaysia/Serawak on the north, Province of South Kalimantan on the south, Province of Central Kalimantan, Province of West Kalimantan and Malaysia/ Serawak on the west, Sulawesi Sea and Makassar Straits on the east.
Rivers Mahakam, Kayan, Kedang Kepala, Pasir, Belayan, Sesayap, and Sembakung.
Mountains : Kong Kenul, Kerihum, Batu Timbau, Mirjapa, and Kundas.
Lakes : Melintang, Semayang, and Jempang.
Humidity : 86%. Rainfall : Averagely 1,500 mm - 4,500 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Among the wood varieties are 'ulin', 'keruing', 'meranti' (Dipterocarpaceae), damar aghatis, etc.
Other plants that grow here are resin and fruit trees, such as durian, langsat and rambutan.
Fauna : 'Bekantan' (Nasalis laryatus wernble), 'kaliawat', monkey, deer, python, cobra, punia, and belibis birds.

POPULATION : 1,877,000 (1990). Density : 9 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 4.42% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (85.68%),
Protestants (9.54%),
Roman Catholics (4.01%),
Hindus (0.22%) and
Buddhists (0.55%).

18. THE PROVINCE OF NORTH SULAWESI
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 19,023 sq km.
Capital : Manado.
Borders : The Philippines on the north, Tomini Bay on the south, Sulawesi Sea on the west, and Maluku Sea on the east.
Rivers : Tondano, Paguat, Dumoga, Polgar, Ranoyapo, and Ongkang Mangondow.
Mountains : Baliohutu, Gambuta, Poneki, Soputan, Klabat, Lokon, and Lolombulan.
Lakes : Tondano and Limboto.
Humidity : 63%-90%. Rainfall : 2,000 mm to 3,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Cempaka (Emmerlia ovalis), ironwood (Intsia biyoga), nantu (Palogium Sp.), resin, rattan, and enau (Arenga pinnata).
Fauna : Anoa, bear, monkey, 'kuskus', deer, maleo bird (Macrocephalon), owls, 'kumkum' and wild hen.

POPULATION : 2,478,000 (1990). Density : 130 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.60% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (44.1 %),
Protestants (49.1 %),
Roman Catholics (2.9%),
Hindus (0.58%) and
Buddhists (0.2%).

19. THE PROVINCE OF NORTH SULAWESI
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 19,023 sq km.
Capital : Manado.
Borders : The Philippines on the north, Tomini Bay on the south, Sulawesi Sea on the west, and Maluku Sea on the east.
Rivers : Tondano, Paguat, Dumoga, Polgar, Ranoyapo, and Ongkang Mangondow.
Mountains : Baliohutu, Gambuta, Poneki, Soputan, Klabat, Lokon, and Lolombulan.
Lakes : Tondano and Limboto.
Humidity : 63%-90%. Rainfall : 2,000 mm to 3,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Cempaka (Emmerlia ovalis), ironwood (Intsia biyoga), nantu (Palogium Sp.), resin, rattan, and enau (Arenga pinnata).
Fauna : Anoa, bear, monkey, 'kuskus', deer, maleo bird (Macrocephalon), owls, 'kumkum' and wild hen.

POPULATION : 2,478,000 (1990). Density : 130 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.60% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (44.1 %),
Protestants (49.1 %),
Roman Catholics (2.9%),
Hindus (0.58%) and
Buddhists (0.2%).
20. THE PROVINCE OF SOUTHEAST SULAWESI
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 27,686 sq km.
Capital : Kendari.
Borders : Province of Central Sulawesi on the north, Flores Sea on the south, Bone Bay on the west, and Banda Sea on the east.
Rivers : Konaweha, Lalumputi, Lalindu, Sompana, and Lasolo.
Mountains : Mengkoka.
Humidity : 89%. Rainfall : Averagely 2,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Teak, mangroce, banyan, ebony, and rattan.
Fauna : Anoa, maleo bird, monkey, sus scrofa linnaeous, clumbinae.

POPULATION : 1,350,000 (1990). Density : 49 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 3 66% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (96.27%),
Protestants (1.73%),
Roman Catholics (0.69%),
Hindus (1.29%) and
Buddhists (0.04%).
21. THE PROVINCE OF SOUTH SULAWESI
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 72,781 sq km.
Capital : Ujungpandang.
Borders : Province of Central Sulawesi on the north, Makassar Strait on the west, Flores Sea on the south, and Bone Bay and the Province of Southeast Sulawesi on the east.
Rivers : Saddang, Simpang Karana, Kelara, Tangka, Kalaena, and Jenebarang.
Mountains : Rante Kembala, Lampobatang, Kambuna, Ganda, Dewata, Pararong and Baliase.
Lakes : Tempe and Sidenreng.
Humidity : 26.6%-29.4%. Rainfall : Averagely around 1,000-1,500 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Ebony, several species of orchids and markissa fruits.
Fauna : Anoa (Depussiocorius), tapir (Tapirus indicus), and maleo.

POPULATION : 6,982,000 (1990). Density : 90 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.42 % (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (88.5%),
Protestants (7.8%),
Roman Catholics (1.9%),
Hindus (1.0%) and
Buddhists (0.4%).

22. THE PROVINCE OF BALI
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 5,561 sq km.
Capital : Denpasar.
Borders : Java Sea on the north, Indian Ocean on the south, Bali Strait on the west and Lombok Strait on the east.
Rivers : Ayung, Unda, Sungsang, Balian, Yeh Sumi, Petanu, and Saban.
Mountains : Agung, Batukaru, Batur, and Merebuk.
Lakes : Batur, Buyan, Bratan, and Temblingan.
Humidity : 80%. Rainfall : 893.44-2,702.6 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Pine, "majegou", "sawo kecik", "rejuna" and "salak Bali".
Fauna : Bali Tiger, deer, wild pigs and "jalak putih".

POPULATION : 2,778,000 (1990). Density : 500 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.18% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (5 %),
Protestants (0.58%),
Roman Catholics (0.47%),
Hindus (93.18%) and
Buddhists (0.55%).
23. THE PROVINCE OF WEST NUSA TENGGARA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 20,177 sq km.
Capital : Mataram.
Borders : Java Sea on the north, Indian Ocean on the south, Lombok Strait on the west, and Alas Strait on the east.
This province is made out of 2 big islands, i.e. Lombok Island and Sumbawa Island and several islets.
Rivers : Sedutan, Dodokan, Babak, Jangkok, Brang Beli, Brang Rea, Brang Sumbawa, Palung, Putih, and Brang Nas.
Mountains : Rinjani, Tambora, Plawangan, Baru, Timanuk, Nangi, Punikan, Kuta, Tuki, and Ot Dinding.
Lakes : Segara Anak and Segara Muncak on Lombok Island.
Humidity : 82%. Rainfall : between 1,000 - 1,300 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Teak, sapodila, dal, bergia, and buabangsa malucana.
Fauna : Deer, corvulus muncak, crow, and gosong.

POPULATION : 3,370,000 (1990). Density : 167 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 2.15% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (95.9%),
Protestants (0.60%),
Roman Catholics (0.4%),
Hindus (2.9%) and
Buddhists (0.1 %).
24. THE PROVINCE OF EAST NUSA TENGGARA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 47,876 sq km.
Capital : Kupang.
Borders : The Flores Sea on the north, Province of West Nusa Tenggara on the west, Province of East Timor on the east, and Indian Ocean on the south.
Physical Features : The province comprises 111 islands, among which Flores, Sumba, and Timor Islands are the biggest.
Rivers : Noelmina and Benain on Timor Island, Kalluda, Kamatang, Melulo and Palapana on Sumba Island, Reo, Moke and Aises on Flores Island, and Benlelang river on Alor Island.
Mountains : Ruteng, Netu Nefomnasi, Tubu, Muyis, Kelimutu, Lawetobi Laki-laki, and Lawetobi Perempuan.
Lakes : Kelimutu.
Humidity : 72%. Rainfall : The rainfall is the lowest in Indonesia.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Sandalwood, accasia and eucalyptus trees, and varieties of wild orchids.
Fauna : Many species and the prehistoric varanus komodoensis.

POPULATION : 3,269,000 (1990). Density : 68 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 1.79% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (9.12%),
Protestants (33.16%),
Roman Catholics (52.89%),
Hindus (0.19%) and
Buddhists (0.04%).

25. THE PROVINCE OF MALUKU
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 74,505 sq km.
Capital : Ambon.
Borders : Pacific Ocean on the north, Province of North Sulawesi on the west, Province of East Timor on the south/southwest, and Province of Irian Jaya on the east.
The main seas are : Maluku, Seram, Halmahera, Banda, and Arafura Sea.
Physical Features : This province is composed of thousand of islands.
The archipelago of Maluku stretching from north to southeast, consists of 3 main groups of islands, namely North Maluku : Halmahera, Morotai Ternate, and Tidore Islands, Bacan and Sula Archipelagoes; Central Maluku : Ambon, Seram, and Buru Islands, Banda and Gorong Archipelagoes, Watubela and Lusipara Islands; South/Southeast Maluku : Wetar and Gunung Api Islands, Damar Archipelago, Leti, Babar, Tanimbar, Kai and Aru Islands.
The greater part of this province is covered with mountains. Mountains : Binaiya, Kaupalaumada, Salahutu, Latua, Keiembutu, and Gamkunoro.
Lakes : Laguna, Tolire Besar, Duma, Rana, Telaga Maya, and Choilim.
Humidity : 83.5%.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Meranti (Dipterocarpocece), gofasa, ironwood, lenggua, and various kinds of orchid including "anggrek bulan" or white orchids.
Fauna : Wild goat, buffalo, kuskus, parrot, taon bird, and paradise bird.

POPULATION : 1, 856,000 (1990). Density : 25 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 2.78% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (56.79%),
Protestants (36.89%),
Roman Catholics (5.81%),
Hindus (0.08%) and
Buddhists (0.07%).
26. THE PROVINCE OF IRIAN JAYA
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 421,981 sq km.
Capital : Jayapura.
Borders : Pacific Ocean on the north, Arafuru Sea on the south, Papua New Guinea on the east, Province of Maluku on the west.
Physical Features : This province is made up of half of the entire island of Irian (Guinea). The area is covered by a mountain range with steep slopes and vast alluvial low land plains.
Rivers : Digul, Memberamo, Warenai, Waipoga, Maro, Kamundan, Abais, and Kumbe.
Mountains : Jayawijaya with Jaya Peak, Trikora, Yamin, mountain range of Kaimana in Fak-Fak, mountain range of Arfak in Manokwari, mountain range of Ciklops in Jayapura.
Lakes : Sentani, Ronbebai, Anggi Gita, Paniai, and Tigi.
Humidity : 80% Rainfall : Between 2,000-3,000 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Metroxilon, rhizopora, Casuarina, and araukaria.
Fauna : Marsupial, phallangers, macropus, petaurus, paradise birds, casuarius, parrots, cockatoos, and crocodile.

POPULATION : 1,649,000 (1990). Density : 4 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 3.46% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (15%),
Protestants (63%),
Roman Catholics (20%),
Hindus (0.1%) and
Buddhists (0.8%).
THE PROVINCE OF EAST TIMOR (Became a new country recently)
GEOGRAPHY :
Area : 14,874 sq km.
Capital : Dili.
Borders : Banda Sea and Wetar Strait on the north, Timor Sea on the south, Province of West Nusatenggara on the west, and Maluku Sea on the east.
Rivers : Laclo, Seical, Karau Ulun, Marobo, and Nunura Babae.
Mountains : Tataimailau, Usului, Matebean, Kablak, and Lakulo.
Humidity : 73%. Rainfall : Between 1,200 - 1,500 mm per year.

FLORA AND FAUNA :
Flora : Ironwood, eucalyptus, black eucalyptus, redwood, sandalwood, "cendana", and lontarwood.
Fauna : Deer, monkey, cockatoo, horse, cow, and beo kakoak.

POPULATION : 748,000 (1990). Density : 50 persons per sq km (1990). Average Growth : 3.02% (1980-1990).

RELIGIOUS FOLLOWERS :

Moslems (1.7%),
Protestants (2.6%),
Roman Catholics (91.4%),
Hindus (0.3%) and
Buddhists (0.1%).


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