Kerala Music Dance & Drametical forms reflects Sangam Period Tamil Art Traditions

Thread started by virarajendra on 1st August 2012 05:55 PM


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Kerala (former Tamil Chera Nadu) - Music Dance & Drametical forms reflects Sangam Period Tamil Fine Art Traditions

(1)The two eras of Kerala History

The history of the present Kerala State - South India could be divided into two eras, one ranging from ancient times to the end of the twelveth century (A.D.1200) and classified as the Tamil Period of it's History, and the other ranging from the beginning of the thirteenth century (A.D.1201) to this date and classified as the Malayalam Period of it's History.

Third Sangam period third century B.C to third century A.D.

The above are confirmed by the following Reference:


(2)The earliest references to Music, Dance, and Dramertugy in Sangam period Tamil Literature of Kerala (Chera Nadu)

Music - Vocal
Music - Instrumental - Cultural Functions
Music - Instrumental - Temple Functions

The Kerala Pancha Vadiyam (five instruments}, are composed of (Thoal Vadiyam = Skin Instruments) of which four Timila, Maddalam, Ila-thalam and Idakka belong to the while the fifth, Koambu, is a (Katru Vadiyam) wind instrument.

Thimila (Tamil - Thimilai), Maddalam (Tamil - Matthalam), Chendai melam (Chendai - Tamil), Iddukka (Tamil - Udukkai), Koambu (Tamil - Kombu).

Dance -
Dramaturgy -
Chakiyarkoothu (Chakkiyar + Kooththu) : (Tamil) Kooththu = dance to set theoretical principles
Koodiyattom (Koodi + Aattam) : (Tamil) Koodi = Joint : Aattam = dance of rejoicing
Mohiniyattom (Mohini + Aattam) : (Tamil) Mohini = Beautiful Damsel : Aattam = dance of rejoicing
Thullal (Thullal) : (Tamil) Thullal = Jumping dance
Kathakkali (Kathai + Kali) : (Tamil) Kathai = Story : enjoying - dance.
Kaikottikali (Kai + kotti + kali) : (Tamil) Kai = hands : Kotti = clapping : Kali = enjoying - dance

Kaikottikali or Thiruvathirakali

Kaikottikkali, also known as Thiruvathirakali, is a very popular group dance of Kerala. Thiruvathirakali is performed by the women of Hindu community, often during festive seasons like Onam and the Thiruvathira day in the Malayalam month of Dhanu (December- January).
Kaikottikali Dance Kerala

Thitambu Nritham

Margamkali of Kerala

Margamkali is a very ancient and the most popular artistic performance prevalent among the Syrian Christians of Kerala. Margamkali is performed mainly by men on festive occasions, especially during the time of marriage.

North Kerala has many rich art traditions, of which "Thitambu Nritham" is one. It is mainly performed by Namboothiris of this part of Kerala,

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